Symbolism


Symbolism
   A literary movement that had its origins in France in the second half of the 19th century, symbolism represents a romantic reaction against realism and is often referred to as neoromanticism in Scandinavian literary history. It lays stress on the personal and emotional response to events in the life of a writer or a character, as observed in such literary works as August Strindberg's novel I havsbandet (1890; tr. By the Open Sea, 1913 and 1984) and Arne Garborg's Trætte Mænd (1891; tr. Weary Men, 1999); the latter offered a careful articulation of the difference between the scientific worldview of the 1880s, represented by the character Georg Jonathan, and the religious striving of its narrator-protagonist, Gabriel Gram. But the most clear-cut example of the new subjectivist literature was Knut Hamsun's novel Sult (1890; tr. Hunger, 1899), which tells about its narrator's experimentation with his own mind. In drama, the female psyche was probed by Henrik Ibsen in the plays Fruen fra havet (1888; tr. The Lady from the Sea, 1890) and Hedda Gabler (1890; tr. 1891), while the male mind was similarly examined in Bygmester Solness (1892; The Master Builder, 1893). In Denmark Johannes Jørgensen championed the literary ideas of the 1890s in opposition to the naturalists through his editorship of the literary magazine Taarnet (1893-1894; The Tower).

Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater. . 2006.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Symbolism — • The investing of outward things or actions with an inner meaning, more especially for the expression of religious ideas Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Symbolism     Symbolism …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • SYMBOLISM —    Symbolism (shocho shugi or sanborizumu), a late 19th century French literary movement, is primarily a reaction against naturalism and realism. Symbolist poets sought an art form that would reflect a deeper experience of existence. The… …   Japanese literature and theater

  • Symbolism — Sym bol*ism, n. 1. The act of symbolizing, or the state of being symbolized; as, symbolism in Christian art is the representation of truth, virtues, vices, etc., by emblematic colors, signs, and forms. [1913 Webster] 2. A system of symbols or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Symbolism —    Symbolism had a fleeting vogue among aesthetes in European art theatres of the 1890s and is best represented in the work of poet playwright Maurice Maeterlinck (1862 1949). Anton Chekhov (1860 1904) was half heartedly attracted to the quasi… …   The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater

  • symbolism — ► NOUN 1) the use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities. 2) symbolic meaning attached to material objects. 3) (Symbolism) an artistic and poetic movement or style using symbolic images and indirect suggestion to express mystical ideas,… …   English terms dictionary

  • symbolism — 1650s, practice of representing things with symbols, from SYMBOL (Cf. symbol) + ISM (Cf. ism). Attested from 1892 as a movement in French literature that aimed at representing ideas and emotions by indirect suggestion rather than direct… …   Etymology dictionary

  • symbolism — *allegory …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • symbolism — [sim′bə liz΄əm] n. 1. the representation of things by use of symbols, esp. in art or literature 2. a system of symbols 3. symbolic meaning 4. the theories or practices of a group of symbolists, as in art or literature …   English World dictionary

  • Symbolism — Religious symbolism Buddhist symbolism Christian symbolism Jewish symbolism Solar symbols Hindu Symbolism Jain Symbolism Sikh Symbolism Islamic Symbolism Representationalism United States military chaplain symbols Arts Symbolism (arts) or… …   Wikipedia

  • symbolism — [[t]sɪ̱mbəlɪzəm[/t]] 1) N UNCOUNT Symbolism is the use of symbols in order to represent something. The scene is so rich in symbolism that any explanation risks spoiling the effect. ...a film much praised at the time for its visual symbolism. 2) N …   English dictionary

  • symbolism — sym|bol|ism [ sımbə,lızəm ] noun uncount 1. ) the use of symbols to represent a thing, idea, or quality: political/religious/sexual symbolism 2. ) symbolism of the way in which an action or event is a sign of something more important: The… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English


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